Corns and calluses are thick and hardened layers of skin that develop after continuous friction and pressure, this is a way that the skin tries to protect itself. The most common location for a corn to develop is on the feet or toes. Treating the callus will require diagnosis and eliminating it from being any other potential conditions.
A callus may be characterized by:
a thick rough area of skin
a hardened raised bump
Tenderness or pain under the skin
flaky , dry, or waxyness
Corns are also different from calluses. While corns are smaller than calluses and have hard centers with inflamed skin around the edges, calluses are larger. And corns develop on non-weight bearing parts of the feet like tops and sides of the toes while calluses develop on the heels, balls, soles, and bottom of toes.
Other conditions may be risk factors for calluses because the deformity makes it easier for them to form. Such conditions include bunions, hammertoes, mallet toes, and foot or gait (walking) deformities.
Callus removal requires a medical diagnosis by a trained podiatrist. The reason medical diagnosis is necessary is that other things need to be ruled out such as warts or cysts, and an X-ray may be recommended if there is a physical abnormality. Also, X-rays in podiatry offices are digital and cost just a fraction of how much they would be in the hospital. Highland Podiatry Associates has an in-office digital X-ray machine that will take care of diagnosing needs saving patients time and money.
To prevent the callus from forming in the first place you need to prevent the repetitive action that causes it to develop. Correcting the footwear you are using and using protective pads or taking other self-care measures will be your best option when preventing calluses from returning or new calluses from forming.
A podiatrist may recommend several treatments for calluses:
Trimming away excess skin may be an option to pare down a thickened area of skin or trim large corn, your podiatrist can do this with special tools designed to do this without damaging nearby skin and tissue.
Medication may be used to remove calluses such as 40% salicylic acid which can be found in prescription-strength or over the counter strength either in a patch or in a gel form.
Shoe inserts or custom made orthotics may be another step in callus treatment to treat a foot or gait (walking) deformity that causes the callus to form.
Rarely surgery may be necessary to fix bone alignment that is otherwise untreatable without surgical correction.
To see a foot doctor for a callus or corn treatment and removal, call the foot specialists at Highland Podiatry Associates (440) 473-0550 or schedule here.