Ankle Sprains

Ankles Sprains


Ankle sprains occur when one or more of the ligaments in the ankle gets injured, generally on the outside of the ankle because of being more prone to rolling the foot inward.


The ligaments provide structural stability limiting the amount of movemnent. Ankle ligament is a band of tisseu which holds bones together in joins. 

An ankle can sprain in many different ways. Usually ankles will sprain as result of a fall, sudden twist, or blow that forces an unnatural position. Sprains can occur during any activity but most often during sports, or when wearing inappropriate shoes.


Some people may be more prone to ankle sprains, for example someone who is born with weak ankles or someone who has had a previous ankle injury. 



An ankle sprain can include any or all of these symptoms: 

• Soreness or pain 

• Bruising

• Swelling 

• Stiffness in the joint

• Difficulty walking 


Ankle fractures are common and cause by the ankle rolling. People may mistake an ankle fracture for an ankle sprain but they are very different which is why they require a professional medical diagnosis early on. 

To evaluate an ankle sprain an ankle surgeon, usually a podiatrist, will need to do a thorough examination of the foot and present symptoms. X-rays will likely be used to determine the severity of the sprain. 


Nonsurgical Treatment


Rehab is crucial to healing an ankle sprain properly. The following treatment options may be recommended by your podiatrist:


• Rest - don't put pressure on the ankle, walking may cause more injury. 

• Ice - Ice for 20 minutes with 40 minutes between sessions, place towel between ice and skin.

• Compression - Compress swelling with elastic wrap. 

• Elevation - Raise slightly above level of heart to reduce swelling. 

• Early Physical Therapy  - Rehab may be prescribing very quickly to promote healing and increase range of motion. 

• Medications - NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen, may be recommended to reduce pain and inflammation. 


Surgical Treatment


Only in the most severe cases surgery will be necessary to repair damaged ligaments. Rehab will be an important part of post-surgical healing. 

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Highland Podiatry Associates, Highland Heights, OH & Sagamore Hills, OH

Cleveland Podiatry | Podiatrist in Cleveland | Cleveland Foot Doctor


previously the office of Daniel Cavolo, DPM


Phone (appointments): (440) 473-0550

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